Annual flowers add to the beauty of your garden and play a vital part in ornamental gardening. These plants complete their cycle in one year and are also quite easy to grow and maintain. These dazzling bright flowers are appealing to the eye especially in summer and autumn and are a treat to the eye.
There are generally three types of annual flowers that can be planted in the garden. These include hardy annuals, half-hardy annuals and tender annuals. It is essential to know which category your annual flower plant belongs to so that you can know the sowing season and take adequate care.
Hardy annual flowering plants bloom in winter. Therefore you should sow them during fall or spring season. They cannot tolerate much heat and are a treat to the eye in the winter. Flowers such as calendula, viola, cornflower and sweet alyssum are some of the notable examples.
Half-hardy annuals bloom in moist weather. However, they cannot survive in cold frost. These flowers are planted right after spring or in summer. Some of these flowers for your garden would be strawflower, forget-me-not, torenia, snow-on-the-mountain and candytuft, among others.
The third category include tender annuals are garden flowers that grow in warm climate. They cannot tolerate cold weather. They are generally sown a few days after the spring frost. Some of these flowers include zinnia, petunia, marigold, balsam, morning glory, to name a few.
Once you have decided to plant annual flowers for your garden, you need to keep certain things in mind.
- The right sunshine - This is an important requirement for growing annual plants in your garden. There are some annuals that need full sunlight to grow, while some other need more shades.
- Sufficient amount of water - Find out from the local nursery how much of water the particular flowering plants require. Whether it requires enough water to keep the soil moist or whether it survives dry weather without much watering is an important aspect of annual flower gardening.
- The soil type in your garden is an important aspect for healthy growth and sustenance for the annual flowering plant. Some annual flowers need loamy soils, while some others prefer dry and sandy climate. You should find out what type of soil is required for your flower to bloom. Marigolds, dahlias, geraniums, etc requires a moist soil On the other hand, annual garden flowers such as poppy and lantana do best in dry soil.
- Maintenance and care - Generally, most flowering plants of the annual varieties are easy to maintain. However, it is advisable to trim them at regular interval and also use insecticides to prevent them from poisonous insects and bugs.